Employment tribunals deal with many claims that an employee can bring against their employer about their employment or its termination.
The relationship between an employer and their employee is governed by contract and statute created by Parliament. Most statutory rights can only be enforced in the employment tribunal, whereas the employment tribunal can only deal with some contractual matters.
Examples of claims dealt with by the employment tribunal are:
- Unfair dismissal claims
- Discrimination claims
- Equal pay claims
- Unlawful deductions from wages claims
In July 2013 the Government introduced fees for issuing and pursuing claims before the employment tribunals (and the Employment Appeal Tribunal), however in July 2017 the fees were ruled as 'unlawful' by the Supreme Court and were quashed with immediate effect. This is good news for anyone now wishing to persue a claim against their employer,
Although employees can represent themselves in employment tribunals, the specialist Employment Law solicitors at Banner Jones can help maximise your chances of success. Employment tribunals have complex rules and the chances of winning or losing depend on using the right tactics and knowing how to present your case. We have many year’s experience representing both employers and employees before the employment tribunal which gives us the ability to ensure that we see both sides of the argument and know how best to present your case to give you the best chance of winning.
Can I be forced to attend work if a member of my household is a vulnerable person?
If you are living with a person who is pregnant, elderly, or suffering with a disability that means they are in a high risk group, your employer should consider adjustments, such as enabling you to work from home. If your employer still forces you to go to work, you may have a claim for constructive/unfair dismissal, particularly if your work environment does not have social distancing measures in place.
Can I be made redundant when on furlough leave?
Yes. You could be made redundant during or after furlough leave. However, employers are obliged to follow strict procedures when making employees redundant to ensure that you are treated fairly. They must still follow the same procedure if you are on furlough leave.
Can I request to be furloughed?
You can request to be placed on furlough leave, but the decision is ultimately your employer’s. If you have a condition that puts you at high risk, such as a particular disability, it would be reasonable for your employer to consider placing you on furlough leave, if this is what you have requested. Failure to act reasonably and fairly in such a scenario could mean you have a claim for discrimination.
Can I work for my employer whilst on furlough leave?
You must not undertake any work that generates revenue for your employer or provides services to them. You can however, undertake training.
Can my employer dismiss me if I do not want to return to the office?
This will depend on your personal circumstances and the nature of your job role. For example, you may have a claim for unfair dismissal and discrimination if you are dismissed whilst ‘shielding’ following government advice, and you are able to carry out your work from home.
Can my employer reduce my salary?
Unless your employer has specified in your employment contract that it can reduce your salary, then no. If your employer proposes to reduce your pay, they must obtain your agreement. If your employer has reduced your wages without your consent, you may have a claim for unlawful deduction of wages and / or constructive dismissal if you chose to resign .
Do we have to do anything else in our recruitment adverts?
You need to be able to justify if you are asking for certain levels of experience. Advertising for a bus driver who is safe and has had previous experience is one thing advertising for a bus driver with 10 years’ experience is another. The first option leaves your job advert open for all ages to apply. The second rules out individuals who may be in their early twenties.
Other points to consider when recruiting new employees:
- Ensure whoever is interviewing potential employee’s scores interviewees on their skills and competencies as opposed to their age.
- Although they are not discriminatory themselves consider removing any reference to age on your job application forms.
- Don’t ask a potential employee for a physical fitness test unless you require them.
Once you have selected an appropriate employee ensure managers and staff are trained to monitor and avoid any discriminatory behaviour. Also make sure it is clear within any policies you have that discrimination in any form is unacceptable. Ensure managers are fully trained in diversity issues and that they are able to deal with discriminatory issues that arise within the workplace.
Do we need to worry about these requirements if we employ people in their 50’s and 60’s?
Yes you need to be aware of these requirements if you employ anyone of any age. They affect every area of employment as well as the recruitment and selection process. The requirements not only make it unlawful to discriminate on the grounds of age but also harassment whether it be intentional or unintentional or to victimise an individual.
You need to worry not only about your own actions but also your fellow employees who must be discouraged from making offensive or unkind comments about age or anything in between.
As with other areas of discrimination if your employee can demonstrate that there has been a difference in treatment which is due to discrimination it is solely down to you the employer to show otherwise or for you to prove that you have done everything in your power to stop such discrimination. There are no limits to discrimination awards and often they include an aspect for suffering, failure to do so can be expensive.
How does age discrimination requirements effect the recruitment process?
When you are recruiting employees you need to ensure you are not discriminating for or against anyone due to their age. This means you cannot advertise specific age requirements in any of your job adverts unless you can justify them.
How much will I be paid on furlough leave?
This will depend on what you agree with your employer. Under the CJRS, HMRC will pay 80% of your wages (subject to a cap of £2,500). Provided your employer does not have a contractual right to reduce pay in your employment contract, if your employer intends to only pay you 80% of your wages, they would need your agreement to do so.
What are the conditions of age discrimination?
In 2011 legislation new legislation was introduced making it unlawful to treat anyone differently due to their age except if it could be justified or falls within one of the exemptions to the law. The retirement age of 65 has now been phased out meaning employers can now only forcibly retire workers if it can be justified.
What year did the requirements of age discrimination come into effect?
The Employment Equality (Age) Regulations came into effect in October 2006. The retirement age of 65 was phased out between April 2011 and October 2011.
Will I also receive my usual commission during furlough leave?
If your commission is contractual, then yes (subject to above). If not, your employer will not have to pay you commission you would usually earn.