This guide tells you how to handle flexible working requests but we can also assist with a policy if required.
Who can make a flexible working request?
It is a common myth that only those with caring responsibilities can request the right to flexible working. This changed in 2014 and it is an employee’s right to request flexible working without giving a reason.
Employees with 26 weeks continuous employment
Only employees with 26 weeks continuous employment with the same employer have the statutory right to have their flexible working request considered. Additionally, employees can only make one statutory flexible working request in a 12-month period. This request must be considered by the employer in a ‘reasonable manner’.
Employees with less than 26 weeks continuous employment or who have made a previous request in the last 12 months
Employees without 26 weeks service or who have made a previous request within the last 12 months can still make a request to work flexibly, but there is no right to have their request considered. An employer can consider the employee’s request if they want to, but don’t have to do so by law.
What can an employee ask for when making a flexible working request?
There are different ways of working flexibly, an employee can ask for one, or more, of the following:
Two people do one job and split the hours.
Working from home
It might be possible to do some, or all, of the work from home or anywhere else other than the normal place of work.
Working less than full-time hours (usually by working fewer days).
The employee chooses when to start and end work (within agreed limits) but works certain ‘core hours’, for example 10am to 4pm every day.
The employee has to work a certain number of hours over the year, but they have some flexibility about when they work. There are sometimes ‘core hours’ which the employee regularly works each week, and they work the rest of their hours flexibly or when there’s extra demand at work.
The employee has different start, finish, and break times from other workers.
Default retirement age has been phased out and older workers can choose when they want to retire. This means they can reduce their hours and work part time.
How should an employee make a flexible working request?
An employee should send an email or write a letter including the following information:
- the date
- a statement that this is a statutory request
- details of how the employee wants to work flexibly and when they want to start
- an explanation of how they think flexible working might affect the business and how this could be dealt with, for example if they’re not at work on certain days
- a statement saying if and when they’ve made a previous application
How to answer a flexible working request
Once a statutory request has been made, an employer has a legal duty to “carefully and reasonably” consider the request and must follow a set process.
There is a time limit of a maximum of 3 months of receiving a request for you to give a decision, including any appeal. If you need more time, you can only extend the time limit if your employee agrees.
You can discuss alternatives to the proposed working pattern at the meeting and can also discuss whether a trial period might be something that both parties might be able to agree to.
It is important to be aware that by law there is the right is to make a flexible working request and have this request considered fairly and reasonably, however, there is no automatic right to have the request granted.
Refusing a flexible working request
As an employer, if you decide to refuse a flexible working request, you must provide evidence of at least one of the following statutory grounds for refusal:
- the burden of additional costs
- detrimental effect on ability to meet customer demand
- inability to reorganise work among existing staff
- inability to recruit additional staff
- detrimental impact on quality
- detrimental impact on performance
- insufficiency of work during the proposed periods of work
- planned structural changes
Communicating the decision
There is a time limit of a maximum of 3 months of receiving a request for you to give a decision, including any appeal.
If you need more time, you can only extend the time limit if your employee agrees. If an extension is agreed, you should get this agreement in writing.
Agreeing to the request
If you approve the request, it is a good idea to confirm it in writing, including:
- the agreed change
- when the change will start
- how long the change will last, if for a fixed period of time
- a review date, if the change will be looked at to see how it’s going
If the change affects anything that must legally be in your employee’s employment contract, you will need to put it in writing. You must do this within a month of the change taking effect.
This includes changes to:
- working hours
- job location
- holiday entitlement
If you are turning down the request
You must let your employee know and give the reason for turning down their request. Again, this should be done in writing.
What if an employee appeals a flexible working decision?
If an employee makes a flexible working request that is rejected, they have the right to appeal against the decision that has been made. The employee can also appeal against any issues that they may have with the flexible working request procedure.
Our expert employment law team are here to help you manage your flexible working requests and any appeals. They will ensure that you can efficiently meet your legal obligations and create the most appropriate working environment for your business.